Psychoanalysis and Society: A. Introduction


This course seeks to understand crucial contemporary and historical issues in Central and Eastern Europe, mainly focusing on the Czech Republic, such as racism, sexuality and politics from the perspective of a socially informed depth psychology. The social is needed to contextualise the psyche but equally any explanation which leaves out a deep nuanced study of human subjectivity will be impoverished and unable to account for the richness of the reality investigated. The course explores this terrain from a multiplicity of psychodynamic perspectives, juxtaposing the stark reality of the regions history and culture with various psychoanalytic tools for understanding. Competing intellectual traditions are not decided for and against but are seen as mutually enriching in a process which problematizes any single reading. Each individual is encouraged to take a stand on the issues involved and develop their own unique perspective. Students will use the course reader as well as other books, films, and academic materials for their study and research. Texts will either be in the course reader, the University library, as handouts, or on the course website: Additional readings can be obtained from the lecturer on request.

Section 1 of the course provides a basic grounding in Freudian theory and begins to look at the relation between the psyche and society. It provides a brief history of psychoanalysis in the Czech Republic from the birth of Freud in Moravia to Nazi and Communist persecution to its present post-1989 resurgence. We then go on to study the complex relation between psychoanalysis and social phenomena and Freud's inherently social-political understanding of the human mind in the context of the contradictions, conflicts, creativity and divisions of Freud's Vienna, which according to the philosopher Herbert Marcuse is already political even when it concerns only a single individual. Finally we will see the relevance of psychoanalytic concepts such as the defence mechanisms to understanding our current ecological crisis and climate change, before concluding with a brief overview of the main theoretical developments and schools of post-Freudian psychoanalysis, with a focus on Lacan, Jung, Klein and Winnicott. Syllabus AAU Fall 2013.


lesson 1

1. Free Associations: Psychoanalysis and the Czech Republic in Transition

REQUIRED READING: Michael Sebek: Psychoanalysis in Czecholovakia and Gates We Try to Open. Freud Timeline and Historical Events (1856-1989). Reading Freud 1-3. Sigmund Freud: On Humour, Formulations on the Two Principles of Mental Functioning. Plus Richard Appignansi: Introducing Freud or Ivan Ward: Introducing Psychoanalysis. Plus Mark Edmundson: Whose Your Daddy? or Freud and the Fundamentalist Urge

AUDIO: Freudian Slips (2005): Wit and its Relation to the Unconscious

RECOMMENDED READING/LINKS: Joseph Dodds: Glossary of Key Pychoanalytic Terms (2008). Sigmund Freud: Origin and Development of Psychoanalysis (1910), The History of the Psychoanalytic Movement (1914). The Psychopathology of Everyday Life (1901). Outline of Psychoanalysis. Joseph Schwartz: Cassandra’s Daughter. Peter Gay: Freud – A Life for Our Time. Neville Symington: The Analytic Experience. Freud Guides: Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious, The Interpretation of Dreams. Doug Davis: Freud's Screen Memory. Peter H. Wolff: Why is psychoanalysis still interesting? Brent Dean Robbins: A Brief History of Psychoanalytic Thought - And Related Theories of Human Existence. About Psychoanalysis. Human Nature Review. Mythos and Logos. Psy-log, a psychchoanalytic web directorory. Psychoanalytic Resources Online. Czech Psychoanalytic Society.Psychoanalyse Online. Psyche Matters. Glossary of Freudian Terminology. Bush slips. S. Herron: Bewilderment and Suspension Bridges: The Joke as Symptom of Language (2006). Bush slips. Benvenuto: Freud's concept of narcissism

Freud part 2

2. Psychoanalysis, Sex and Politics in Freud's Vienna

Powerpoints: 1. Micropolitics and Macropolitics. 2. Psycho-Sexuality and Gender. 3. Why War?

REQUIRED READING: Joseph Dodds: Psychoanalysis, Sexuality and Politics in Freud’s Vienna (2007). Wendy Hollway: Psychoanalysis in Social Psychological Research. Sigmund Freud: The Dissection of the Psychical Personality (or The Anatomy of the Mental Personality (1932). Freud Study Guides: The Ego and The Id plus either Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality or Stevenson: Freud's Psychosexual Stages (1996).

FILM/AUDIO: Adam Curtis: Century of the Self. Freud Media Library. Freud Speaking, Psychoanalysis and Democracy (2002). Freudian Slips (2005) (Infantile Sexuality, Puberty, Sexual Aberrations)

RECOMMENDED READING: Robert M. Young: New Ideas About the Oedipus Complex(1995). Doug Davis: A Glossary of Freudian TerminologyModules on Freud (psycho-sexual development, the unconscious, repression, neurosis, transference and trauma). Elizabeth Ann Danto: Freud's Free Clinics - Psychoanalysis & Social Justice, 1918-1938 (2005). Sigmund Freud: The Interpretation of Dreams (1900), Three Essays on Sexuality (1920), Note on the Unconscious, On Transience, Civilized Sexual Morality and Modern Nervous Illness. Robert Young: What Does Psychoanalysis Have to Offer to Newly Democratising Countries? Mark Edmundson: The Death of Sigmund Freud: Fascism, Psychoanalysis and the Rise of Fundamentalism. Freud and His Critics (1993). David Stevenson: Introdution to Freud's On Narcissism (2004). Eric Laurent: The name-of-the-father; Psychoanalysis and Democracy. International Psychoanalytic Association. British Psychoanalytic Society: Article and Papers. Richard Koenigsberg: Awakening From the Nightmare of History: Psychological Interpretation of War and Genocide (2005). Richard Koenigsberg: Making Conscious the Unconscious in Social Reality: The Psychoanalytic Interpretation of Culture (2005 - online book). Laplanche and Pontalis: The Language of Psychoanalysis. Susan Budd (ed): Introducing Psychoanalysis. Jean-Michel Quinodoz: Reading Freud. Freud Study Guides: Papers on Metapsychology. On Narcissism: An Introduction. (Download pdf. Part 1 and 2.)


3. Environmentalism and Its Discontents

A Dangerous Method. REQUIRED READING: Joseph Dodds (2011) Extract from Psychoanalysis and Ecology at the Edge of Chaos (part II, start from p7). Deborah Winter and Susan Koger: The Psychology of Environmental Problems. Freud: On Transience. Defence Mechanisms: 1 and 2. Plus any two of the following: Rosemary Randall: A new climate for psychotherapy? (2005). Mary-Jayne Rust: Climate on the Couch, Martin Jordan: Nature and Self: An Ambivalent Attachment? Mimi Hilson Katzenbach. Oedipus & Ecopsychology 1 and 2.J ohn Scull: Ecopsychology - Where does it fit in psychology? George Marshall: The Psychology of Denial: Our failure to act against climate change (2001).

RECOMMENDED READING: Ecopsychoanalysis blog. Slavoj Zizek: Censorship Today: Violence, or Ecology as a New Opium of the Masses 1 and 2 (2008). Ecopsychology. Theodore Roszak: Awakening The Ecological Unconscious. Ecopsychology. BBC: Green Spaces Improve Health. Vaclav Klaus: ‘Environmentalism As Bad As Communism’. Georg Monbiot: Climate Change – a crisis of collective denial?. Climate Change Denial website. Theodore Roszak: Ecopsychology: Eight Principles, Mary-Jayne Rust: Online writings. Gregory Bateson: Steps Towards and Ecology of Mind, Mind and Nature: A Necessary Unity. Ecology Without Nature. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Joseph Mishan: Psychoanalysis and environmentalism: First thoughts. Timothy Morton: Ecology Without Nature: Rethinking Environmental Aesthetics (2007). Gerry Canavan: Thoughts on Zizecology 1 and 2.

AUDIO: A Jungian Approach to Climate Change: Mythology and Mental Ecology in a Changing Climate (2009). Online writings, videos and audio from Ecopsychology UK.

VIDEO: Paul Hoggett – The Politics and Emotions of Climate Change Denial (2009), George Marshall – Sleepwalking into Disaster – Strategies of Evasion and Denial in Social attitudes to Climate Change (2009), Mary-Jayne Rust – The Myths by Which we Live, Or Die? The Psychological Dimensions of Our Environmental Crisis (2009), Slavoj Zizek: Censorship Today: Violence, or Ecology as a New Opium of the Masses (2008), Slavoj Zizek: Ecology Without Nature (2006).

FREUD LINKS: Freud Web. Mythos & Logos. Freud File. Freud Museum. Wiki. Burying Freud. The Freud Page (more Freud online works).

Melanie KleinJacques Lacan


14. Remember, repeating and working through

4. Developments In Psychoanalysis and Ecology

REQUIRED READING (choose one). Focus on at least one major theorist: Jung, Klein, Winnicott, Lacan: Hyde: Introducing Jung. Phillip: Introducing Lacan. Hinshelwood: Introducing Melanie Klein. Robert Young: Potential Space: Transitional Phenomena

RECOMMENDED READINGS: Robert Hinshelwood: A Dictionary of Kleinian Thought. Dylan Evans: An Introductory Dictionary of Lacanian Psychoanalysis. Slavoj Zizek: How to Read Lacan. Melanie Klein: The Selected Melanie Klein. Carl Jung: The Essential Carl Jung. D.W. Winnicott: Playing and Reality. Robert Young: Melanie Klein, Primitive Space: Psychotic Anxieties. Julia Kristeva: Melanie Klein. Introduction to Psychoanalysis: Modules on Freud, Lacan and Kristeva. Quigley: A Brief Outline of Psycho-analytic Theory: Freudian, Lacanian and Object Relations Theory (1998). Psychoanalysis Encyclopedia entries.

CARL JUNG: A Dangerous Method. Psychological Types (1921). The Association Method (1910). LINKS: The Jung Page. International Association for Analytical Psychology. International Association for Jungian Studies. Free online Jungian Society Journal. George Boeree: Carl Jung 1875 - 1961. AUDIO: BBC Radio: Carl Jung. FILM: Carl Jung: Wisdom of the Dream 1, 2, 3.

JAQUES LACAN: Seminars. Seminar on The Purloined Letter. LINKS: Lacan Online. Lacan Modules. Encyclopedia of Philosphy. J. Haber: Who is Jacques Lacan? Lacan/Language

MELANIE KLEIN: Melanie Klein Trust. Kleinian Studies E-Journal. The Return to Melanie Klein: Acquiring Knowledge. Bob Young: Melanie Klein

DONALD WINNICOTT: Squiggle Foundation. Mythos/Logos. Introduction to Winnicott. Bob Young: Potential Space: Transitional Phenomena.

SCHOOLS/DEVELOPMENTS: Essential Theory and Thinkers. Object Relations Institute. Self Psychology. Ego-Psychology. Contemporary Freudian. Lacanian. The Anna Freud Centre. Bienenfeld: Ego Psychology. Boeree: Anna Freud. Relational Psychoanalysis. Brief History of Relational Psychoanalysis. International Neuropsychoanalysis Society. Prague Neuropsychoanalysis Group. Neuropsychoanalysis Facebook Group. Freud, Lacan, Klein, Critical Theory and Criticism


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